This video lesson from TED Ed shows why a single celled organism can’t grow bigger in size compared to multi cellular organisms. When a single cell tries to increase its size, its volume increases faster than its surface area. Lesser surface area with increased volume leads to clogging of resources to inside and waste materials to outside. Eventually the cell dies. So the ratio of Surface area to volume is very important for a single celled organism. This is the basic idea behind the evolution of multi cellularity. If a single cell could grown large in size, multi cellular organisms would never have evolved.
INFO OF THE DAY
This is called a mirror or sequined spider. These spiders are all members of the Thwaitesia genus. Their most distinctive trait is the reflective silvery patches on their abdomen, hence the common name. The scales look like solid pieces of mirror glued to the spider’s back, but they can actually change size depending on how threatened the spider feels. The reflective scales are composed of reflective guanine, which these and other spiders use to give themselves color.