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Tapanuli orangutan

Pongo tapanuliensis is a new species of orangutan discovered from an isolated population at the southern range limit of Sumatran orangutans, in Batang Toru. It is distinct from both northern Sumatran and Bornean species.

Hitchhiking beetle

Nymphister kronaueri is a tiny beetle that lives among ants. The beetle uses its tiny mandibles to clamp down on its host’s abdomen as the ants move. This makes it look like the ant has two abdomens.

Hunchbacked shrimp

Epimeria quasimodo was named for Victor Hugo's character, Quasimodo the hunchback, in reference to its somewhat humped back. Extraordinary morphological structures and colors, makes the genus Epimeria an icon of the Southern Ocean in Antarctica.

Dancers on a rope!

‘When mantises are afraid of something, they raise their arms and spread their wings. It’s their normal defensive behaviour. Winning shot in Nature section, from Siena International Photography Awards 2015. Shot by Hasan Baglar.

Not a flower, but a moth

Elephant hawk moths are nocturnal and therefore feed on flowers that open or produce nectar at nighttime. The elephant hawk moth has incredibly sensitive eyes that allow it to see color even at low-light. In fact, it was one of the first species in which nocturnal color vision was documented in animals.

Ancoracysta twista

Ancoracysta twista does not fit with any known group of organisms but appears to belong to an early lineage of eukaryote that was previously unknown. The unusually large number of genes in its mitochondrial genome opens a window into the early evolution of eukaryotic organisms.

Fossil Marsupial lion

This marsupial lion, named Wakaleo schouteni roamed Australia's open forest habitats about 23 million years ago in Miocene epoh. Fossilized remains of the creature were unearthed in the Riversleigh World Heritage Area in Queensland.

Cave Beetle; Xuedytes bellus

Xuedytes bellus, a cave dwelling beetle was discovered in a cave in Guangxi Province, China. It is about 9 mm in length, with elongated head and prothorax.

Aye Aye

Aye-Aye is the world's largest nocturnal primate, and is characterized by its unusual method of finding food called percussive foraging. It taps on trees to find grubs, then gnaws holes in the wood using its forward slanting incisors to create a small hole in which it inserts its narrow middle finger to pull the grubs out.

Japanese Spider Crab

The Japanese spider crab has the greatest leg span of any arthropod, reaching up to 5.5 m from claw to claw. This crab was known to the Japanese for the serious injuries it can cause with its strong claws.



This is called a mirror or sequined spider. These spiders are all members of the Thwaitesia genus. Their most distinctive trait is the reflective silvery patches on their abdomen, hence the common name. The scales look like solid pieces of mirror glued to the spider’s back, but they can actually change size depending on how threatened the spider feels. The reflective scales are composed of reflective guanine, which these and other spiders use to give themselves color.